it's getting near to Indonesia Independence Day on 17th of August. We love to share fun and amazing facts about Indonesia, the fourth biggest country in the world.
1. The Indonesia archipelago consists of more than 17,500 islands, a large number (approximately – 6000) of which are inhabited. The majority of the islands are yet to be named.
2. More than 700 different dialects and languages are spoken in Indonesia, which makes it a highly diverse country.3. “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” (“Unity in Diversity” literally, “many, yet one”) is Indonesia’s national motto.
4. Indonesia also takes credit for being home to the world’s largest volcanic lake – Lake Toba. In length, it is over 100 km and it spans 30 km in width. It is also the largest lake in Indonesia. The lake also houses a newly formed island – Pulao Samosir.
5. Srivijaya is considered the first of the known Indonesian kingdoms, lasting until about 1400 A.D.
6. The Portuguese arrived in Indonesia in the early 16th century, mainly for spices. Due to huge demand for spices in Europe at the time, profits could be made selling them. Hence, the Portuguese seized the Moluccas, the chief spice-producing region.
7. The Portuguese, however, lost their dominance over the region to the Dutch.
4. Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago, the world’s third-most-populous democracy, and the world’s largest Muslim-majority nation.
5. More than 50% of the country is covered by forests.
6. Did you know that Indonesia has more volcanoes than any other country in the world? Yes, that is true. The country outranks even Japan and the United States in the tally. The country also leads the world in terms of the total number of active volcanoes.
7. At 4,884 meters, Puncak Jaya (known as Cartenze) in Papua is Indonesia’s highest peak where you can see snow.
8. The Javan rhino is an Indonesian native animal that cannot be seen anywhere else in the world. An estimated 50 or fewer of these animals are in existence today.
9. Have you ever heard of Komodo dragons? This amazing animal, which can be seen in Indonesia, can eat humans. Do not worry; they are protected, as they can be seen only in the country’s national parks of Komodo Island. The dragon is named after the island. Take note that it is the world’s largest lizard
10. Are you interested in seeing lakes that change colors? You may have to climb a volcano. There are three lakes at the top of an Indonesian volcano—Kelimutu—that change colors from turquoise to green, red and black. No-no, there isn’t a miracle behind this color change. The phenomenon happens when volcanic gases react with minerals dissolved in the water.
11. Flower lovers, pay attention here. Indonesia, is home to the world’s largest flower—Rafflesia Arnoldi. The flower can grow up to a weight of 7 kg, and its petals can be 2.5 cm thick and 0.5 m long. Amazed or not?
12. There are 504 statues of Buddha in Borobudur temple, which is the world’s largest Buddhist temple, in Indonesia. The temple is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
13. There were more than 2000 sex-workers in “Dolly” — the largest red-light district in Southeast Asia. However, it was shut down by the government in 2014.
14. Looking for gold? You may be surprised to learn that Indonesia is also home to the world’s largest Gold mine — The Grasberg Mine Freeport. The mine is also the world’s third-largest copper mine. A workforce of 19,000 to 20,000 people operates the mine.
15. Ever smelled a flower from a distance of half a mile? You have a chance to do so if you visit Indonesia. The country has the most odorous flower on Earth, Amorphophallus titanium, available on Sumatra Island. The flower, also known as “the devil’s tongue,” can grow up to an average height of two meters.
16. Mt. Tambora, one of the tallest peaks in the Indonesian archipelago, is the most explosive volcano in history. The largest eruption recorded from this volcano, which happened in 1815, was heard 1930 km away at Sumatra Island. The eruption took the lives of more than 70,000 people.
17. As per Volcanodiscovery.com, there are 147 volcanoes in Indonesia.
18. Indonesia’s flag is similar to that of Monaco. however, the size of the flags differs.
19. Kids note that the Singaporean national anthem was composed by an Indonesian – Zubair Said in 1958.
20. The Garuda (mythical bird) is the national bird of Indonesia.
21. Japan occupied Indonesia between 1942 and 1945 essentially to obtain its natural resources. It was revealed through a UN report that at least four million people died in Indonesia during this period. The cause of death, however, was famine and forced labor.
22. General Suharto, the second president of Indonesia, is believed to have amassed up to $45 billion corruptly. He was the acting president between March 12, 1967 and May 21, 1998. If the assessment about his wealth is correct, it might make him the world’s most corrupt politician of all time.
23. Indonesia is essentially known for: Komodo dragons, beaches, tigers, music and traditional puppetry.
24. The country’s people are very young despite the extensive history of the country. In Indonesia, at least 165 million people are under the age of 30.
25. In 1976, Indonesia became the first developing country to operate its own satellite system by launching Palapa satellite.
26. Indonesia is the world’s largest island country, followed by Madagascar and Papua New Guinea.
27. Earthquakes are quite frequent in Indonesia. The country experiences between one and three earthquakes every day. However, not everyone is disastrous; most are quite mild.
Source: Telegraph.co.uk, Wowshack.com